Having several goal chances in the first half, Wales finally made it 1-0 in minute 43 at Baku Olympic Stadium in Azerbaijan.
Wales led the first half 1-0.
In the second half, Turkey started to react against Wales as Turkish forward Burak Yilmaz fired a right-footed volley in close range in the 54th minute but missed the chance.
In minute 60, the Welsh team was awarded a penalty kick when Bale was fouled by Turkish right-back Zeki Celik in the box.
Bale sent the ball over the bar to miss the penalty.
Turkey seemed encouraged after the Wales star had missed the penalty kick.
Near the end of the game, players had a brawl after Yilmaz's foul on a Welsh player. Four players were cautioned by the referee.
Wales' Chris Mepham and Ben Davies were shown a yellow card each.
Turkey duo Yilmaz and Hakan Calhanoglu were brandished a yellow card each as well.
In the 95th minute, Wales clinched the 2-0 victory after Connor Roberts' goal.
Bale tricked Turkey into pretending to control the ball in the corner as if he was wasting time. Then he dribbled near the byline to pass the ball to Welsh defender Roberts in the area, who made a low shot at beating Turkish goalie Cakir.
Bale was named the man of the match.
Wales have four points to top Group A.
Italy have three points but will take on Switzerland on Wednesday in game two.
Switzerland is in third with one point.
Turkey, who respectively lost to Italy and Wales, are at the bottom without any points.
Turkey manager: Wales gets huge advantage
Turkish team's manager Senol Gunes congratulated Wales on the victory and said the Welsh have a massive advantage for the upcoming round.
"We are sad. This tournament was important," said Gunes. "Our opponent [Wales] had a big advantage [to be in the last 16]. We thought to win this match but did not even get a draw. We might have a chance in the last match [against Switzerland], but it looks quite hard when we look at the goal difference [in the group]."
Gunes also said the team were upset for sure because Turkey could not score any goals in Italy and Wales matches.
He said that Wales' first goal scored by Ramsey was unexpected and the morale of his team dropped.
Meanwhile, Wales manager Rob Page said he is happy about the victory but was expecting more goals.
"I couldn't be more proud. I've just said to them to create the number of chances we did is unbelievable. We are disappointed we didn't score more but to win in the manner we did, credit goes to the players," said Page.
"No disrespect to Turkey but they are a different side to Switzerland, but we knew we had more to come," he added.